Uyuni Salt Flat Tours
The Salar de Uyuni (Uyuni Salt Flat) is the world’s largest salt flat, stretching 10,500 square kilometres across south-western Bolivia, to the border with Chile. These endless flats were formed by geological movements affecting prehistoric lakes, and they now consist of a mesmerising expanse of salt crust, several metres thick. For much of the year, the salt is entirely dry and cracked, but during the rainy season (November – March), it can become coated with a thin film of water reflecting the sky like a perfect mirror – the effect is other-worldly, disorientating and beautiful all at the same time.
This is an extraordinary and extreme habitat, exceptionally flat and usually basking under piercingly blue skies during the day and freezing at night. There is virtually no vegetation, apart from slow-growing giant cacti, shrubs, and hardy quinoa plants. It is estimated that the Uyuni Salt Flat contains about 10 billion tonnes of salt and 50-70% of the world’s known lithium reserves.
Despite its inhospitable habitat, Uyuni is a breeding ground for several species of pink flamingos, and you’ll see them foraging in the vast shallow lakes that are dotted across the flats, some of them coloured deep green or red from the minerals in the water. Experience it for yourself as part of the Essential Bolivia Tour, which also includes La Paz, the Amazon rainforest and Lake Titicaca.
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